What is in a Name 名字的寓意

What is in a Name 名字的寓意 扫二维码继续学习

Talk about what's in a name and who gives a child's name.
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课程介绍

When naming a child, some parents seem to choose a name based simply on their personal preference.
In other families, grandparents or professional name-makers come up with a child's name.
And in some cases, the time of a child's birth influences how the child's name is determined.
In many European cultures, names are typically chosen by parents.
Parents' choice for their child's name...
...may be based on names of relatives or ancestors within their particular family.
For example, in Italy, children are traditionally named after their grandparents.
The parents generally use the father's parents' names first.
If they have more children, then they will use the mother's parents' names.
Similarly, some people in Eastern Europe name their children after relatives who have died.
This tradition is seen as a means to protect the child from the Angel of Death.
Traditionally in some Asian countries,...
...a child's grandfather or a fortune-teller chooses the child's name.
In contrast to the tradition of naming children after relatives,...
...the child's name is chosen to influence the child's character.
For example, names may be based on a connection to certain elements...
...such as fire, water, earth, wood, or metal.
Or the name might include a written character meaning beauty, strength, or kindness.
In certain African cultures,...
...when a child is born plays a large part in determining the child's name.
In Ghana's Akan culture, the day a child is born determines the child's name.
But each day has different names for boys and girls.
For instance, a boy born on Friday is named Kofi,...
...whereas a girl born on the same day is named Afua.
Both Kofi and Afua are names meaning "wanderer" or "explorer".
Children with these names are seen as travelers.
No matter where the name comes from, a child's name is the first gift in life.
Whether it is chosen according to preference or dictated by tradition,...
...the name reflects something about a child's culture.
For that reason, all names should be treasured and respected.

给小孩取名的时候,有些父母亲似乎只是根据自己的个人喜好。
在其他家庭里,祖父母或是专业的取名师会给小孩取名字。
在某些情况下,小孩出生的时间影响着取名这件事。
在许多欧洲文化中,名字通常由父母选择。
父母亲给孩子选择名字的时候…
…可能会基于家族中的祖先或亲戚的名字。
例如,在意大利,小孩子的名字通常由祖父母的名字来命名。
家长一般会先使用爷爷奶奶的名字。
如果他们有更多的孩子,就会使用外公外婆的名字。
类似地,东欧的一些人会以过世亲戚的名字给小孩取名。
这个传统被认为是从死亡天使手中保护孩子的办法。
在一些亚洲国家的传统里…
…小孩的爷爷或算命者给小孩取名。
相对于以亲戚名字给小孩取名的传统…
…这种给小孩取名的方式是为了影响孩子的性格。
例如,名字的选择可能是基于某些元素…
…比如火、水、土、木或者金。
或者名字会包含美丽、力量或善良的含义。
在某些非洲文化里…
…小孩的出生时间对于小孩的取名起着非常重要的作用。
在加纳的阿坎人文化中,小孩出生的日子决定了他的名字。
但是每一天都有不同的男孩、女孩的名字。
例如,星期五出生的男孩叫Kofi…
…然而同一天出生的女孩叫Afua。
Kofi和Afua这两个名字都有“漫游者”和“探索者”的意思。
拥有这些名字的小孩被认为是旅行者。
不管名字出自于哪里,它都是小孩生命里的第一份礼物。
无论是根据个人喜好或由传统决定的…
…名字都反映出一些关于孩子的文化。
出于这个原因,所有的名字都应该被珍惜和尊重。

课程目标
  • Talk about what's in a name and who gives a child's name in different cultures.
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